§ MR. MACKARNESS
To ask the Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he can say whether the form of punishment called the cangue, or head collar, inflicted as stated in Blue-book (Cd. 2819, p. 22) on Chinese labourers in the mines in the Witwatersrand, was inflicted by the mine authorities with the knowledge or sanction of any official then holding office under the Crown; and, if so, who was the official, and has he been called on for an explanation of his conduct.
(Answered by Mr. Churchill.) No, Sir; there is nothing to show that this form of punishment was inflicted with the knowledge or sanction of an official.