§ 4.7 p.m.
§ Mr. Ian Gow (Eastbourne)
I beg to move,That leave be given to bring in a Bill to facilitate the sale of council houses.There are about 6 million council houses in Britain. Given the chance, the majority of those who live in them would prefer to be owners rather than tenants of the council.
§ Mr. Gow
I say "given the chance", because for many of those tenants the opportunity to buy does not exist, owing to the refusal of most Socialist-controlled councils—dwindling in number though they are—to sell council houses to their tenants.
The Bill would give every council and new town tenant who has been in his home for two years the legal right to buy it at two-thirds of the market value as fixed by the district valuer. For tenants who have been in occupation for more than 10 years, where the historic cost of building is lower, there would be a onceand-for-all option operating on a sliding scale so that there would be a maximum discount of 50 per cent. for those who had been in occupation for 20 years or more. In either case, if the tenant wished to resell within five years of becoming an owner, he would be obliged first to offer to sell his flat or house back to the council at the same price as that at which he bought it.
There are three main advantages to the Bill. First, there would be a massive redistribution of wealth in our community. Secondly, it would extend new dimensions of individual freedom to a large number of people—freedom from the petty rules and restrictions imposed by bureaucracy and freedom in ability to move around the country. Thirdly, this approach would be a direct attack on the cycle of poverty in that for the first time we should be giving many poor people that crucial facility that they lack—namely, access to wealth. [HON. MEMBERS: "Oh."] The House will have noticed the cries of derision from Labour Members below the Gangway.
Those are three purposes that would be achieved by the Bill and the words I have used are not mine, although I agree with them. They come verbatim from the penultimate paragraph of a pamphlet entitled "Do we need Council Houses?", published by the Catholic Housing Aid Society and written by that well-known Socialist, Mr. Frank Field.
§ Mr. Gow
In the pamphlet that eminent Socialist wrote:There is a growing sourness on the housing estates themselves as tenants become more and more aware of the extent of the serfdom imposed upon them by their council tenanciesNow even the Labour Front Bench is beginning to laugh at those remarks by Mr. Frank Field, but they should pay more attention to them.
The Minister for Planning and Local Government, addressing the House on 18th June—and I commend his remarks to hon. Gentlemen below the Gangway—said:Let me start by saying what this debate is not about. Whatever the Opposition may say, it is not about the principle of owner-occupation. Most people dream of having a home of their own, and why should they not?"—[Official Report, 18th June 1976; Vol. 911, c. 1244.]Those are the Minister's words, not mine.
The answer to the Minister's own question is that at present people's dream of owing a house of their own cannot be fulfilled as the law now stands for those unfortunate enough to be living under a Labour-controlled council Hence the need for the Bill.
The sale of council houses would lead to a significant reduction in under-occupation as the new owners would be freed from existing restrictions on taking in tenants. In their retirement council house owners would be able to sell their home and move to something smaller, freeing comparatively cheap accommodation that a young family could buy.
I want to examine some of the financial consequences of these proposals. A new council house today costs about £12,000 to provide, including the land. The local council has first to borrow this money, adding to the total of public borrowing. Interest on £12,000 works out at £1,620 a year. If a further £50 a year—a modest sum—is added for maintenance and management, the total cost is £1,670 a year.
The income that the council would receive by way of rent for this house would be about £7 a week, or £360 a year. Thus, the annual cost to public funds works out at around £1,300.
If that same house were sold subsequently by the council at a 20 per cent. reduction, the tenant would have to pay £9,600. Tax relief on mortgage interest 408 would work out at £450 a year, or just about a third of the cost to public funds of subsidising a family in a new council house. The cost of housing subsidies is now running at £1,400 million a year. An acceleration of the council house sales programme would reduce that sum substantially.
The sale of council houses is beneficial to local authorities and ratepayers alike. Where the council makes the loan, mortgage repayments will be higher than the previous rent paid and the council is relieved of the cost of maintenance and repairs. Where a building society provides the mortgage, the council receives an immediate lump sum, which could be used to provide an extra home for the elderly or the handicapped.
The Building Societies Association in its memorandum of evidence to the Government's Housing Finance Review recognised the need for building societies to provide loans for the purchase of council houses. The ownership of a home makes a family independent of the State and helps to guarantee individual freedom. Indeed, 53 per cent. of the houses in this country are now owned by the families who live in them, but that proportion is significantly less than the figure in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. If we are to make a reality of a nation-wide property-owning democracy—a view which I am sure is shared by Labour Members—we need to have a new radical proposal aimed at increasing home ownership.
The Labour Party in its last two election manifestos called fora fundamental and irreversible shift in the balance of power and wealth in favour of working people and their families.This Bill seeks to provide exactly that fundamental and irreversible transfer of power and wealth from the State to the people. It will be fascinating to see whether Labour Members will now repudiate the commitment in their own party's manifesto and vote against the introduction of the Bill.
§ 4.17 p.m.
§ Mr. Frank Allaun (Salford, East)
I wish to oppose the Bill. I accuse many Conservative Members of hostility towards council housing on which 6 million families are dependent—
§ Mr. Deputy Speaker (Mr. Oscar Murton)
The Chair is finding it almost impossible to hear the argument when there are so many interruptions from sedentary positions. May I appeal for order?
§ Mr. Allaun
I repeat that I accuse many Conservative Members of hostility towards council housing and the 6 million families who are dependent upon it. Labour, in contrast, believes both in owner-occupation and in council housing and believes that both systems are infinitely preferable to private landlordism, which has been declining since the turn of the century. We weep no tears for that. I repeat that most Conservative Members, on doctrinaire grounds, are antagonistic to council housing, whereas we want to see more public and private housing.
§ Mr. Allaun
This sympathetic and less restrictive attitude is shared by many impartial bodies, such as Shelter and the Housing Centre Trust. The majority of those who work for their living by hand or brain cannot buy their own houses because they cannot afford to do so, even through a building society. If it were not for council housing, many of them would be homeless.
What are the objections to selling council houses? First, it would not add a single new home to the stock of housing in this country. Secondly, in many areas most families—three out of five to be exact—who need a council house do not secure one that has just been built. Instead they get re-lets, that is to say, council houses that have been vacated because the previous tenant has died, removed to another area, or bought a private home. If we reduce the total pool of council houses, we reduce the number of available re-lets and thereby the chances of thousands of families on the waiting list of obtaining a council house.
Thirdly, I ask which council houses would be bought by the tenant. Clearly, they would be the best, the most attractive. Few, if any, multi-storey flats would 410 be purchased. While some tenants like those flats, most do not, particularly those with young children. Such families are desperately anxious to transfer to a council house with a bit of garden so that their children are not kept indoors all the time. Tenants have the chance to transfer to such homes. However, if these more attractive houses are bought up by the tenants, there is a reduced chance of transfer.
Fourthly, the money received by councils from selling houses would be far less than the price of building new council houses at today's prices.
Council housing is based on the principle of providing homes for those in the greatest need. The hon. Member for Eastbourne (Mr. Gow) and other Conservative Members would provide homes for those with the biggest purse. In contrast, some Labour Members have tried to help would-be occupiers through building society or local authority mortgages. We have strongly opposed cuts in the amounts local authorities can lend to house purchasers, particularly those unable to secure building society mortgages. If tenants wish to buy themselves houses, good luck to them, but there are plenty of private houses for sale without diminishing the stock of council houses.
I do not believe that this matter should be left entirely to the local authorities, if councils are determined to sell their houses for ideological reasons. Since Conservatives control many councils following last month's elections, this is increasingly the case. Just as a former Conservative Government compelled Labour councils to raise their rents when the councils did not want or need to do so, so should the Government today tell councils that they must not sell their stock of council houses.
I would permit council houses to be sold in two cases only: first, when there is no housing shortage in an area—and there are precious few such areas—secondly, on condition that the selling price should not be at a discount of the degree proposed by the hon. Member on today's market prices, but instead at today's replacement—not market—value. There would hardly be any council houses sold on that basis. I know that for council house tenants purchasing their homes is often a "good buy", a good deal, but it is a rotten deal for the community, a bad 411 deal for councils and other families on the waiting list.
Are Conservative Members equally anxious to see the tenants of private landlords becoming owner-occupiers of those houses?
§ Mr. Allaun
I seem to have touched a delicate spot. The exceptionally high rents to which the hon. Member for Eastbourne has referred are not charged, because they are pooled with low-rented council houses. This Bill would make that less easy.
§ As for the subsidy, the total for council house tenants last year in Great Britain was £1,014 million. The total subsidy for owner-occupiers is almost exactly the same. For England and Wales—the figures for Scotland are not yet available—the subsidy in the form of income tax relief on mortgage interest totalled £865 million. I conclude by asking hon. Members to throw this Bill into oblivion.
§ Question put, pursuant to Standing Order No. 13 (Motions for leave to bring in Bills and nomination of Select Committees at commencement of Public Business):
§ The House divided: Ayes 212, Noes 220.415
|Division No. 205.]||AYES||[4.20 p.m.|
|Adley, Robert||Gilmour, Rt Hon Ian (Chesham)||MacGregor, John|
|Amery, Rt Hon Julian||Gilmour, Sir John (East Fife)||Macmillan, Rt Hon M. (Farnham)|
|Arnold, Tom||Glyn, Dr Alan||Mates, Michael|
|Atkins, Rt Hon H. (Spelthorne)||Goodhart, Philip||Mather, Carol|
|Awdry, Daniel||Goodhew, Victor||Maude, Angus|
|Bain, Mrs Margaret||Goodlad, Alastair||Maudling, Rt Hon Reginald|
|Baker, Kenneth||Gorst, John||Mawby, Ray|
|Banks, Robert||Grant, Anthony (Harrow C)||Maxwell-Hyslop, Robin|
|Bell, Ronald||Gray, Hamish||Mayhew, Patrick|
|Berry, Hon Anthony||Griffiths, Eldon||Meyer, Sir Anthony|
|Biggs-Davison, John||Grist, Ian||Miller, Hal (Bromsgrove)|
|Blaker, Peter||Grylls, Michael||Mitchell, David (Basingstoke)|
|Body, Richard||Hall, Sir John||Moate, Roger|
|Boscawen, Hon Robert||Hall-Davis, A. G. F.||Molyneaux, James|
|Bottomley, Peter||Hamilton, Michael (Salisbury)||Montgomery, Fergus|
|Bowden, A. (Brighton, Kemptown)||Hampson, Dr Keith||More, Jasper (Ludlow)|
|Boyson, Dr Rhodes (Brent)||Hannam, John||Morgan, Geraint|
|Braine, Sir Bernard||Harrison, Col Sir Harwood (Eye)||Morris, Michael (Northampton S)|
|Braine, Sir Bernard||Harvie Anderson, Rt Hon Miss||Morrison, Charles (Devizes)|
|Brocklebank-Fowler, C.||Hayhoe, Barney||Morrison, Hon Peter (Chester)|
|Buchanan-Smith, Alick||Hicks, Robert||Mudd, David|
|Buck, Antony||Higgins, Terence L.||Neave, Airey|
|Budgen, Nick||Holland, Philip||Nelson, Anthony|
|Bulmer, Esmond||Hordern, Peter||Neubert, Michael|
|Burden, F. A.||Howe, Rt Hon Sir Geoffrey||Newton, Tony|
|Butler, Adam (Bosworth)||Howell, David (Guildford)||Nott, John|
|Chalker, Mrs Lynda||Hunt, John||Onslow, Cranley|
|Channon, Paul||Hurd, Douglas||Oppenheim, Mrs Sally|
|Clark, William (Croydon S)||Hutchison, Michael Clark||Page, John (Harrow West)|
|Clegg, Walter||Irving, Charles (Cheltenham)|
|Cooke, Robert (Bristol W)||James, David||Page, Rt Hon R. Graham (Crosby)|
|Cope, John||Jenkin Rt Hon P (Wanst'd & W'df'd)||Paisley, Rev Ian|
|Costain, A. P.||Johnson Smith, G. (E Grinstead)||Parkinson, Cecil|
|Craig, Rt Hon W. (Belfast E)||Jones, Arthur (Daventry)||Pattie, Geoffrey|
|Crawford, Douglas||Jopling Michael||Peyton, Rt Hon John|
|Crouch, David||Kaberry, Sir Donald||Pink, R. Bonner|
|Douglas-Hamilton, Lord James||Kellett-Bowman, Mrs Elaine||Prior, Rt Hon James|
|Drayson, Burnaby||Kershaw, Anthony||Pym, Rt Hon Francis|
|du Cann, Rt Hon Edward||Kimball, Marcus||Raison, Timothy|
|Durant, Tony||King, Evelyn (South Dorset)||Rees, Peter (Dover & Deal)|
|Eden, Rt Hon Sir John||King, Tom (Bridgwater)||Reid, George|
|Edwards, Nicholas (Pembroke)||Kitson, Sir Timothy||Renton, Rt Hon Sir D. (Hunts)|
|Elliott, Sir William||Knight, Mrs Jill||Rhys Williams, Sir Brandon|
|Ewing, Mrs Winifred (Moray)||Knox, David||Ridley, Hon Nicholas|
|Eyre, Reginald||Lamont, Norman||Rifkind, Malcolm|
|Fairgrieve, Russell||Langford-Holt, Sir John||Rippon, Rt. Hon Geoffrey|
|Fletcher, Alex (Edinburgh N)||Latham, Michael (Melton)||Roberts, Michael (Cardiff NW)|
|Fletcher-Cooke, Charles||Lawrence, Ivan||Roberts, Wyn (Conway)|
|Fookes, Miss Janet||Lawson, Nigel||Rodgers, Sir John (Sevenoaks)|
|Forman, Nigel||Le Marchant, Spencer||Ross, William (Londonderry)|
|Fowler, Norman (Sutton C'f'd)||Lester, Jim (Beeston)||Rossi, Hugh (Hornsey)|
|Fox, Marcus||Lewis Kenneth (Rutland)||Rost, Peter (SE Derbyshire)|
|Fraser, Rt Hon H. (Stafford & St)||Loveridge, John||Royle, Sir Anthony|
|Fry, Peter||Luce, Richard||Sainsbury, Tim|
|Gardiner, George (Reigate)||McCrindle, Robert||St. John-Stevas, Norman|
|Gardner, Edward (S Fylde)||Macfarlane, Neil||Shaw, Giles (Pudsey)|
|Shelton, William (Streatham)||Stewart, Ian (Hitchin)||Watt, Hamish|
|Shepherd, Colin||Stokes, John||Weatherill, Bernard|
|Shersby, Michael||Stradling Thomas, J.||Wells, John|
|Silvester, Fred||Taylor, R. (Croydon NW)||Welsh, Andrew|
|Sims, Roger||Taylor, Teddy (Cathcart)||Whitelaw, Rt Hon William|
|Sinclair, Sir George||Tebbit, Norman||Wiggin, Jerry|
|Skeet, T. H. H.||Thatcher, Rt Hon Margaret||Wilson, Gordon (Dundee E)|
|Smith, Dudley (Warwick)||Thompson, George||Winterton, Nicholas|
|Speed, Keith||Townsend, Cyril D.||Wood, Rt Hon Richard|
|Spence, John||Trotter, Neville||Young, Sir G. (Ealing, Acton)|
|Spicer, Michael (S Worcester)||Tugendhat, Christopher||Younger, Hon George|
|Sproat, Iain||Vaughan, Dr Gerard|
|Stainton, Keith||Wakeham, John||TELLERS FOR THE AYES:|
|Stanbrook, Ivor||Walker, Rt Hon P. (Worcester)||Mr, Ian Gow and|
|Stanley, John||Wall, Patrick||Mr. Michael Marshall.|
|Steen, Anthony (Wavertree)||Walters, Dennis|
|Stewart, Donald (Western Isles)||Warren, Kenneth|
|Abse, Leo||Fowler, Gerald (The Wrekin)||Marks, Kenneth|
|Allaun, Frank||Fraser, John (Lambeth, N'w'd)||Marshall, Dr Edmund (Goole)|
|Anderson, Donald||Freud, Clement||Maynard, Miss Joan|
|Archer, Peter||Garrett, John (Norwich S)||Mellish, Rt Hon Robert|
|Ashton, Joe||Garrett, W. E. (Wallsend)||Mendelson, John|
|Atkinson, Norman||George, Bruce||Mikardo, Ian|
|Bagier, Gordon A. T.||Gilbert, Dr John||Miller, Dr M. S. (E Kilbride)|
|Bates, Alf||Ginsburg, David||Miller, Mrs Millie (Ilford N)|
|Beith, A. J.||Golding, John||Morris, Alfred (Wylhenshawe)|
|Benn, Rt Hon Anthony Wedgwood||Graham, Ted||Morris, Charles R. (Openshaw)|
|Bidwell, Sydney||Grant, George (Morpeth)||Moyle, Roland|
|Bishop, E. S.||Grant, John (Islington C)||Mulley, Rt Hon Frederick|
|Blenkinsop, Arthur||Grocott, Bruce||Murray, Rt Hon Ronald King|
|Boardman, H.||Hamilton, James (Bothwell)||Newens, Stanley|
|Booth, Rt Hon Albert||Hardy, Peter||Noble, Mike|
|Bottomley, Rt Hon Arthur||Harper, Joseph||Oakes, Gordon|
|Boyden, James (Bish Auck)||Harrison, Walter (Wakefield)||O'Halloran, Michael|
|Bradley, Tom||Hart, Rt Hon Judith||Orbach, Maurice|
|Brown, Hugh D. (Provan)||Hattersley, Rt Hon Roy||Orme, Rt Hon Stanley|
|Brown, Robert C. (Newcastle W)||Hatton, Frank||Ovenden, John|
|Brown, Ronald (Hackney S)||Hayman, Mrs Helene||Padley, Walter|
|Buchan, Norman||Heffer, Eric S.||Palmer, Arthur|
|Campbell, Ian||Hooley, Frank||Parker, John|
|Canavan, Dennis||Hooson, Emlyn||Parry, Robert|
|Cant, R. B.||Howells, Geraint (Cardigan)||Pavitt, Laurie|
|Carmichael, Neil||Hoyle, Doug (Nelson)||Peart, Rt Hon Fred|
|Carter, Ray||Huckfield, Les||Penhaligon, David|
|Carter-Jones, Lewis||Hughes, Rt Hon C. (Anglesey)||Perry, Ernest|
|Castle, Rt Hon Barbara||Hughes, Robert (Aberdeen N)||Phipps, Dr Colin|
|Clemitson, Ivor||Hughes, Roy (Newport)||Price, C. (Lewisham W)|
|Coleman, Donald||Hunter, Adam||Price, William (Rugby)|
|Cocks, Michael (Bristol S)||Irving, Rt Hon S. (Dartford)||Radice, Giles|
|Cohen, Stanley||Jaskson, Colin (Brighouse)||Rees, Rt Hon Merlyn (Leeds S)|
|Concannon, J. D.||Jackson, Miss Margaret (Lincoln)||Richardson, Miss Jo|
|Conlan, Bernard||Jay, Rt Hon Douglas||Robinson, Geoffrey|
|Cox, Thomas (Tooting)||John, Brynmor||Roderick, Caerwyn|
|Craigen, J. M. (Maryhill)||Johnson, James (Hull West)||Rodgers, George (Chorley)|
|Cronin, John||Jones, Dan (Burnley)||Rose, Paul B.|
|Crowther, Stan (Rotherham)||Judd, Frank||Ross, Stephen (Isle of Wight)|
|Cryer, Bob||Kaufman, Gerald||Rowlands, Ted|
|Cunningham, Dr J. (Whiteh)||Kelley, Richard||Sandelson, Neville|
|Davidson, Arthur||Kerr, Russell||Sedgemore, Brian|
|Davies, Bryan (Enfield N)||Kilroy-Silk, Robert||Selby, Harry|
|Davies, Denzil (Llanelli)||Kinnock, Neil||Shaw, Arnold (Ilford South)|
|Davis, Clinton (Hackney C)||Lambie, David||Sheldon, Robert (Ashton-u-Lyne)|
|Deakins, Eric||Lamborn, Harry||Shore, Rt Hon Peter|
|Dempsey, James||Lamond, James||Short, Rt Hon E. (Newcastle C)|
|Dormand, J. D.||Latham, Arthur (Paddington)||Short, Mrs Renée (Wolv NE)|
|Douglas-Mann, Bruce||Leadbitter, Ted||Silkin, Rt Hon S. C. (Dulwich)|
|Dunn, James A.||Lee, John||Skinner, Dennis|
|Dunnett, Jack||Lewis, Arthur (Newham N)||Small, William|
|Eadie, Alex||Lewis, Ron (Carlisle)||Smith, Cyril (Rochdale)|
|Edge, Geoff||Litterick, Tom||Smith, John (N Lanarkshire)|
|Edwards, Robert (Wolv SE)||Lomas, Kenneth||Snape, Peter|
|Ellis, John (Brigg & Scun)||Loyden, Eddie||Spearing, Nigel|
|Ennals, David||Luard, Evan||Steward, A. W.|
|Evans, Fred (Caerphilly)||Mabon, Dr J. Dickson||Steel, David (Roxburgh)|
|Evans, loan (Aberdare)||McCartney, Hugh||Stoddart, David|
|Fernyhough, Rt Hon E.||MacFarquhar, Roderick||Stott, Roger|
|Fitt, Gerard (Belfast W)||Mackenzie, Gregor||Strauss, Rt Hon G. R.|
|Flannery, Martin||McNamara, Kevin||Summerskill, Hon Dr Shirley|
|Fletcher, Raymond (Ilkeston)||Madden, Max||Taylor, Mrs Ann (Bolton W)|
|Fletcher, Ted (Darlington)||Magee, Bryan||Thomas, Ron (Bristol NW)|
|Foot, Rt Hon Michael||Mahon, Simon||Thorne, Stan (Preston South)|
|Forrester, John||Mallalleu, J. P. W.||Tierney, Sydney|
|Tinn, James||Weitzman, David||Wise, Mrs Audrey|
|Tomlinson, John||White, Frank R. (Bury)||Woodall, Alec|
|Tuck, Raphael||White, James (Pollok)||Woof, Robert|
|Urwin, T. W.||Whitehead, Phillip||Wrigglesworth, Ian|
|Wainwright, Edwin (Dearne V)||Willey, Rt Hon Frederick||Young, David (Bolton E)|
|Walker, Harold (Doncaster)||Williams, Alan (Swansea W)|
|Walker, Terry (Kingswood)||Williams, Alan Lee (Hornch'ch)||TELLERS FOR THE NOES:|
|Ward, Michael||Williams, Sir Thomas||Mr. Andrew F. Bennett and|
|Watkins, David||Wilson, Alexander (Hamilton)||Mr. Joseph Dean.|
|Watkinson, John||Wilson, William (Coventry SE)|
§ Question accordingly negatived.