§ 40. Mr. Fenner Brockway
asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies under what Ordinance 1,000 Africans alleged to belong to the passive wing of Mau Mau in Nairobi and the emergency zone have been arrested; and what opportunity they will be given of answering the charge against them.
§ Mr. Hare
During the week ended 28th January, 927 Africans were arrested and charged before the courts for various offences including vagrancy, trespass, theft, offences against Emergency Regulations and offences against byelaws. Eighty-two Africans were arrested as Mau Mau suspects, of whom 77 were released, four are still under investigation, and one was made the subject of a detention order.
§ Mr. Brockway
While thanking the Minister for that Answer, may I ask him whether it is the case that a movement along non-violent lines is now developing in Kenya, and whether the 372 Government will differentiate in their treatment of those who adopt non-violent methods and those who are concerned in Mau Mau atrocities?
§ 44. Mrs. Castle
asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether Chege alias Kinyungu, son of Gakungu, Ngethe, son of Mutumbu, Kamau, son of Ngethe, Harrison, son of Kamau, and Wamungu, son of Karaungu, who were arrested in Nairobi on 25th August last and sent to Manyani detention camp, are still in detention; what charge has been brought against them; and what is the evidence on which it is based.
§ Mr. Hare
These men are detained on grounds of public security because of their complicity in Mau Mau activities. No charges have been preferred against them. The Advisory Committee on Detainees has reviewed their cases and has recommended that they remain in detention. The Governor has accepted this recommendation.
§ Mrs. Castle
As the military campaign against Mau Mau is now practically closed, and in view of the very suspicious circumstances concerning the arrest of these men, which I raised in this House on 21st December, does not the right hon. Gentleman think that it would be advisable to have a public trial of men detained so recently instead of merely giving these vague and unproved grounds for their detention?