§ 2. Mr. Mander
asked the Minister of Labour if he can now make a statement with refrence to the work of the recent conference of the International Labour Organisation and the adoption by 41 nations of the Philadelphia Charter.
§ The Minister of Labour (Mr. Ernest Bevin)
As I have already indicated, a statement with regard to this Conference generally will be made in due course. I can say at once however, that the Government welcome the Declaration referred to by my hon. Friend, in which the International Labour Conference reaffirms the fundamental principles on which the International Labour Organisation is based. I am circulating the text of the Declaration in the OFFICIAL REPORT.
§ Mr. Mander
May I ask the Minister if a statement will be made in the course of the Debate about it, embracing the whole position?
§ Mr. Rhys Davies
Will the Minister be good enough to see that the Philadelphia Charter is not torpedoed by our Government like the Atlantic Charter?
§ Sir Patrick Hannon
May I ask whether an appropriate tribute has been paid to the Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Labour for the admirable work he has done in Philadelphia?
§ Following is the text of the Declaration:
§ DECLARATION CONCERNING THE AIMS AND PURPOSES OF THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION.
§ The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation, meeting in its Twenty-sixth Session in Philadelphia, hereby adopts this l0th day of May in the year nineteen hundred and forty-four, the present Declaration of the aims and purposes of the International Labour Organisation and of the principles which should inspire the policy of its Members.
§ The Conference reaffirms the fundamental principles on which the Organisation is based and, in particular, that:
- (a) labour is not a commodity;
- (b) freedom of expression and of association are essential to sustained progress;
- (c) poverty anywhere constitutes a danger to prosperity everywhere;
- (d) the war against want requires to be carried on with unrelenting vigour within each nation, and by continuous and concerted international effort in which the representatives of workers and employers, enjoying equal status with those of Governments, join with them in free discussion and democratic decision with a view to the promotion of the common welfare.
§ Believing that experience has fully demonstrated the truth of the statement in the Preamble to the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation that lasting peace can be established only if it is based on social justice, the Conference affirms that:
- (a) all human beings, irrespective of race, creed or sex, have the right to pursue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, of economic security and equal opportunity;
- (b) the attainment of the conditions in which this shall be possible must constitute the central aim of national and international policy;
- (c) all national and international policies and measures, in particular those of an economic and financial character, should be judged in this light and accented only in so far as they may he held to promote and not to hinder the achievement of this fundamental objective;
- (d) it is a responsibility of the International Labour Organisation to examine and consider all international economic and financial policies and measures in the light of this fundamental objective;
- (e) in discharging the tasks entrusted to it the International Labour Organisation,
1483 having considered all relevant economic and financial factors, may include in its decisions and recommendations any provisions which it considers appropriate.
§ The Conference recognises the solemn obligation of the International Labour Organisation to further among the nations of the world programmes which will achieve:
- (a) full employment and the raising of standards of living;
- (b) the employment of workers in the occupations in which they can have the satisfaction of giving the fullest measure of their skill and attainments and make their greatest contribution to the common wellbeing;
- (c) the provision, as a means to the attainment of this end and under adequate guarantees for all concerned, of facilities for training and the transfer of labour, including migration for employment and settlement;
- (d) policies in regard to wages and earnings, hours and other conditions of work calculated to ensure a just share of the fruits of progress to all, and a minimum living wage to all employed and in need of such protection;
- (e) the effective recognition of the nigh` of collective bargaining, the co-operation of management and labour in the continuous improvement of productive efficiency, and the collaboration of workers and employers in the preparation and application of social and economic measures;
- (f) the extension of social security measures to provide a basic income to all in need of such protection and comprehensive medical care;
- (g) adequate protection for the life and health of workers in all occupations;
- (h) provision for child welfare and maternity protection;
- (i) the provision of adequate nutrition, housing and facilities for recreation and culture;
- (j) the assurance of equality of educational and vocational opportunity.
§ Confident that the fuller and broader utilisation of the world's productive resources necessary for the achievement of the objectives set forth in this Declaration can be secured by effective international and national action, including measures to expand production and consumption, to avoid severe economic fluctuations, to promote the economic and social advancement of the less developed regions of the world, to assure greater stability in world prices of primary products, and to promote a high and steady volume of international trade, the Conference pledges the full co-operation of the International Labour Organisation with such international bodies as may be entrusted with a share of the responsibility for this great task and for the promotion of the health, education and well-being of all peoples.1484
§ The Conference affirms that the principles set forth in this Declaration are fully applicable, to all peoples everywhere and that v bile the manner of their application must be determined with due regard to the stage of social and economic development reached by each people, their progressive application to peoples who are still dependent, as well as to those who have already achieved self-government, is a matter of concern to the whole civilised world.
§ 3. Mr. Rhys Davies
asked the Minister of Labour whether he will place in the Library of the House a copy of the full Report of the proceedings of the I.L.O. Conference recently concluded at Philadelphia, U.S.A.