HC Deb 17 March 1845 vol 78 cc1039-49

The House went into Committee on the Customs' Duties.

Sir R. Peel

moved the first Resolution— That the Duties of Customs chargeable upon the Goods, Wares, and Merchandize hereafter mentioned, imported into the United Kingdom, shall cease and determine. When the Chairman came to basket-rods peeled and unpeeled,

Mr. M. Milnes

referred to some communication he had had with Ministers upon this subject, and to the amount of capital invested in the growth of willows, which was in the hands of small proprietors. The cultivation was extremely expensive, and the returns slow, as it took four or five years before a crop could be procured. If foreign willows were admitted, Holland, where labour was cheap, would undersell the home grower, and numbers now engaged in the trade would be ruined. He hoped, therefore, that the right hon. Baronet would do a gracious act, and omit basket rods, peeled and unpeeled (with the growers of which, from his mere name, he ought to feel a sympathy) from the list of commodities, the duty on which was to be abrogated.

Sir R. Peel

was sorry that he could not comply. If he gave way upon this article, there were many others in the same predicament which would have an equal claim.

Mr. Ferrand

begged to confirm the statement made by his hon. Friend (Mr. Milnes). The price of willows had already been reduced to nearly half in the last two or three years.

Article agreed to.

On the Chairman reading the article "Brazil wood,"

Mr. C. Buller

said, that the right hon. Gentleman had stated in his Budget that it was intended to take off the duties on furniture wood; he had therefore thought that they would have been placed in one category. It appeared, however, that the names of several new kinds of furniture woods had been omitted out of this list. Was it intended to place such woods under the general heading of woods unenumerated? He could give the names of several Ceylon woods which were extremely well adapted for this purpose, which had been omitted.

Sir G. Clerk

replied, that only those furniture woods were inserted which had hitherto appeared in the Tariff. Any new descriptions of woods used for furniture could hereafter be inserted in the Schedule.

Mr. Labouchere

thought that Her Majesty's Government should encourage the introduction as much as possible of all these new kinds of wood to be used as furniture, and therefore, as far as they could, they should at once specify those woods in the Tariff. He believed that there were several kinds of woods to be met with in our Colonies, and more particularly in New Zealand, extremely well adapted for this purpose. To carry out the purpose of the Government they should allow all these new woods to come in under some general head.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer

said, that it was absolutely necessary to state what furniture woods were; for if they did not, all kinds of woods might be introduced under the name. It should be known that the woods so introduced were used simply in the manufacture of furniture. If they inserted a general head, all kinds of oak would be endeavoured to be introduced under the name. When any new article appeared, the Treasury would take upon itself to admit the article on the same terms as other purely furniture woods, until Parliament could deal with the subject. If any new furniture woods were reported to the Treasury, they would be admitted free of duty.

Mr. C. Buller

said, that there were several Italian woods adapted for furniture, besides other wood. For instance, orange wood, one of the prettiest of these woods.

Lord John Russell

suggested that the Chancellor of the Exchequer should consult the officers of the Customs, and see whether they could not make an alteration in the way that had been suggested.

Mr. Mitchell

stated that wainscot logs were used only for furniture. English oak was not adapted for articles of that nature, If Government would not consent to take the duty off those logs, he should propose that it be added to the list.

Sir R. Peel

said, that if the words, "all woods used for furniture," were inserted, they might introduce any description of wood under that name. If wainscot logs were to be admitted, what was to prevent all oak from the Baltic being also admitted free of duty, as it was adapted for articles of furniture.

Article agreed to.

Mr. Greene

proceeded to read the list.

When the Chairman came to the article "grease,"

Mr. Miles

said, he wished to come to some understanding as to the mode in which the Committee was to proceed. There were several articles in this list the admission of which acted entirely against British agricultural produce. Now, he did not wish to retard the business of Government, by preventing those articles being passed to which no objection was made. What he desired was, that all articles objected to should be left open, to be the subject of discussion on some future day. He objected tto he article grease.

Mr. Hutt

asked what was mean by the article grease?

Sir George Clerk

said, it was butter in an unfit state for human food, and mixed with tar.

Mr. Bright

was astonished that the hon. Member for Somersetshire should not object to the introduction of chalk; for it might be called an agricultural produce, since it formed, he believed, a great part of London milk. It was very extraordinary that in order that goods should be admitted into this country, they should have the especial quality of being unfit for human food. The next article on the list was greaves for dogs. He did not think the House ought to be called upon to legislate upon food for dogs, whilst food for millions of human beings was to be protected from all legislation.

Mr. Miles

said, he was determined that this list should not pass without discussion; if, therefore, it was not agreed to postpone those items to which he objected, he would immediately move that the House should adjourn.

Mr. Escott

observed, that if the hon. Member for Somersetshire wished to bring the principle of protection into utter contempt, he was pursuing the very way to do so.

Mr. Miles

was not to be told how he was to discharge his duty in that House; but he had observed that the hon. Member for Winchester (Mr. Escott) took every opportunity he could to act directly contrary to the agricultural interest. He had noticed it over and over again, that whenever it was possible to throw out hints and scoffs against the agricultural body that hon. Member was the first to jump up and utter his scorn against them. But he was not to be deterred by the scoffs or sneers of the hon. Gentleman. He would tell that hon. Gentleman (and he ought to have known enough of his character to believe) that whenever he stated his intention to adopt any line of conduct, he was always determined to carry it out. It was his intention not to allow this Tariff to go through without discussion. As to what had been said by the hon. Member for Durham about chalk, he for his part should have no objection to the introduction of chalk free of duty, because it was on some lands a most valuable manure.

Sir Robert Peel

had not any wish to press any particular article against which there existed any particular objection; but he thought the Committee were going on very harmoniously. Whenever any serious opposition should be raised against any article, he was willing to postpone it, but the trade of the country was so much affected by this measure, that it was extremely desirable to proceed with it as speedily as possible.

Mr. Escott

could not imagine why the hon. Member for Somersetshire should attack him as being an enemy to agriculture, because he (Mr. Escott) had stated that such a Motion as that which the hon. Member threatened tended to bring the principle of protection into contempt.

Mr. Miles

hoped the article basket-rods would be omitted.

The Chairman

That article has already been passed.

Sir R. Peel

said, he should have no objection to consider it as omitted if it could be done.

Resolution to be reported.

The House resumed. Committee to sit sit again.

House adjourned at a quarter-past two o'clock.

We append the Resolutions moved in Committee, and the articles included under them. They were as follows:— 1. Resolved. That the Duties of Customs chargeable upon the Goods, Wares and Merchandize hereafter mentioned, imported into the United Kingdom, shall cease and determine; viz.:—

Agates, or Cornelians, not set Bar Wood
Bark, Extract of, or of other Vegetable Substances, to be used only for Tanning Leather
Alkanet Root
Almonds, Bitter Bark, for Tanners' or Dyers' use
Alum Bark, Casearilla
Alum Roche Bark, Peruvian
Amber, rough Bark, of other sorts
Ambergris Basket Rods, peeled and uupeeled
Amboyna Wood
Angelica Beef Wood
Annatto Berries, Bay
Annatto Roll Berries, Juniper
Antimony, Ore of Berries, Yellow
Antimony, Crude Berries, unenumerated
Antimony, Regulus of Birds, Singing
Argol Blackwood
Aristolochia Bladders
Arsenic Bones of Cattle, and other Animals, and of Fish (except Whale Fins,) whether burnt or not, or as Animal Charcoal
Ashes, Pearl and Pot
Ashes, Soap, Weed, and Wood
Ashes, unenumerated
Asphaltum or Bitumen Judaicum Box Wood
Borax refined
Borax or Tincal, unrefined
Balsam, Canada Boracic Acid
Balsam, Capivi Brazil Wood
Balsam, Peru Brasletto Wood
Balsam, Riga Brimstone, refined in Rolls
Balsam, Tolu Brimstone, in Flour
Balsam, Balm of Gilead and unenumerated Balsam Brimstone, not refined
Bristles, rough, or in any way sorted
Barilla Bronze Works of Art
Bulrushes Goods unenumerated, not being either in part or wholly manufactured, nor enumerated or prohibited
Camomile Flowers
Camphor, unrefined
Camwood Guano
Candlewick Gum, Animi
Canella Alba Gum, Arabic
Canes, Bamboo Gum, Assafœtida
Canes, Reed Gum, Ammoniacum
Canes, Rattans, not ground Gum, Benjamin
Canes, or Sticks, unenumerated Gum, Copal
Gum, Euphorbium
Caoutchoue Gum, Guiacum
Cardamoms Gum, Kino
Cassia Buds Gum, Lac Dye
Cassia Fistula Gum, Mastic
Castor Gum, Seed Lac
Cedar Wood Gum, Senegal
Chalk, unmanufactured Gum, Shellac
Chip, or Willow for Platting Gum, Storax
Chesnuts Gum, Tragaeanth
China Root Gum, unenumerated
Chrystal, rough Gun Stocks in the rough, of Wood
Cinnabaris Nativa
Citrate of Lime Gypsum
Citric Acid
Civet Hair, Camel Hair or Wool
Coals, Culm, and Cinders Hair, Cow, Ox, Bull, or Elk
Cobalt Ore of Hair, Horse
Cochineal Hair, Human
Cochineal Dust Hair, unenumerated
Cochineal Granilla Heath for Brushes
Coir Rope and Junk, old and new, cut into lengths not exceeding three feet each Hellebore
Hemp, dressed
Hemp, rough or undressed, or any other vegetable substance of the nature and quality of undressed hemp, and applicable to the same purposes
Columbo Root
Copperas, Blue
Copperas, Green
Copperas, White Hones
Coral, whole, polished Hoofs of Cattle
Coral, whole, unpolished Hoops of Wood
Coral, in fragments Horns—Horn tips and pieces of Horns
Cotton Yarn
Cubebs Indigo
Cream of Tartar Inkle, unwrought
Iron, Bloom
Divi Divi Iron, Cast
Down Iron, Chromate of
Drugs, unenumerated Iron, in Bars, unwrought
Iron, Hoops
Ebony Iron, Old Broken and Cast Iron
Feathers for Beds, in Beds or otherwise Iron, Ore
Iron, Pig
Feathers Ostrich, undressed Iron, Slit or Hammered into
Feathers Paddy Bird undressed Rods
Feathers unenumerated and undressed Jalap
Flax and Tow, or Codilla of Hemp and Flax, dressed and undressed Jewels,—Emeralds and all other precious Stones, unset
Flocks Jewels, Pearls
Flower Roots Juice of Lemons, Limes, or Oranges
Gallic Powder Kingwood
Gamboge Lac, viz.: Sticklac
Garancine Lapis Calaminaris
Garnets, cut or uncut, not set Latten
Latten Shaven
Gentian Lavender Flowers
Ginseng Lead Ore
Glue Clippings, or Waste of any kind, fit only for making Glue Lead Red
Lead White
Lead Black
Lead, Chromate of Ore, unenumerated
Leaves of Roses Orchal
Leeches Orpiment
Lignum Vitæ Orris Root
Logwood Painters' Colours, unenumerated, unmanufactured
Losh Hides
Palmetto Thatch
Madder Pink Root
Madder Root Pitch
Mahogany Pitch Burgundy
Manganese, Ore of Plaster of Paris
Manna Platina and Ore of Platina
Manures, unenumerated Platting or other Manufactures to be used in or proper for making Hats or Bonnets, of Chip
Metal, Bell Metal
Minerals and Fossils, unenumerated
Models of Cork or Wood Pomegranates, Peel of
Morphia Prussiate of Potash
Moss, Lichen Islandicus
Moss, other than Rock or Iceland Moss Quicksilver
Quills, Goose
Moss, Rock for Dyers' use Quills, Swan
Mother o'Pearl Shells
Myrrh Radix Contraycrvæ
Radix Enulæ Campanæ
Nicaragua Wood Radix Eringii
Nickel, Arseniate of, in Lumps or Powder, being in an unrefined state Radix Ipecacuahnæ
Radix Rhataniæ
Radix Senekæ
Radix Serpentarias, or Snake Root
Nickel, Metallic and Oxide of, refined Rags, old Rags, old Ropes, or Junk, or old Fishingnets, fit only for making Paper Pasteboard
Nickel, Ore of
Nitre—Cubic Nitre
Nuts, viz.:—
Nuts, Kernels of Walnuts, and of Peach Stones, and of Nuts or Kernels thereof, unenumerated commonly used for expressing Oil therefrom Rags, Pulp of
Rags, Woollen
Rape of Grapes
Red Wood, or Guinea Wood
Nuts, Cocoa Nuts
Nuts, Pistachio Safflower
Nuts and Kernels unenumerated Saffron
Sal Ammoniac
Sal Limonum
Oakum Sal Prunella
Ochre Salep, or Salop
Oil, Castor Saltpetre
Oil, Cocoa Nut Sanguis Draconis
Oil, of Olives, except in Ships of the two Sicilies Santa Maria Wood
Sapan Wood
Oil, Palm Sassafras
Oil, Paran Satin Wood
Oil, Rock Saunders' Red
Oil, unenumerated Saunders' White or Yellow
Oil, Train, Blubber, Spermaceti Oil, and Head Matter, the produce of Fish or creatures living in the sea, caught by the crews of British Vessels, and imported direct form the Fishery or from any British Possession in a British Vessel Scammony
Seeds, viz.:—
Seeds, Croton, commonly used for expressing Oil therefrom
Seeds, Hemp
Seeds, Sesamum
Seeds, unenumerated, commonly used for expressing Oil therefrom
Oil, Seed Oils, viz.: Shumach
Oil, Hempseed Silk, Raw
Oil, Linseed Silk, Knubs or Husks and Waste Silk
Oil, Rapeseed
Oil, Walnut Skins and Furs, viz.:—
Oil, Seed, unenumerated Skins Marten, undressed
Oil Seed Cake Skins Seal, in the hair, not tanned, tawed, or dressed
Olive Wood
Orange Peel and Lemon Peel Skins Squirrel, or Calabar, undressed
Skins, Furs, Pelts, and Tails, viz.:— Skins, Kid, dressed, not dyed or coloured
Skins, Badger, undressed Skins, and Furs, or pieces thereof, unenumerated, tawed, curried, or dressed
Skins, Bear, undressed
Skins, Beaver, undressed
Skins, Cat, undressed
Skins, Chineilla, undressed Skins, and Furs, or pieces thereof, raw or undressed, unenumerated
Skins, Coney, undressed
Skins, Deer, undressed
Skins, Dog, in the Hair, not tanned or dressed Specimens of Minerals, Fossils, or Ores, unenumerated, exceeding fourteen pounds weight each
Skins, Dog Fish, undressed
Skins, Elk, undressed
Skins, Ermine, undressed Speckled Wood
Skins, Fisher, undressed Spelter or Zinc, Rolled, but not otherwise manufactured
Skins, Fitch, undressed
Skins, Fox, undressed
Skins, Fox Tails, undressed Spelter or Zinc, crude, in cakes
Skins, Goat, raw
Skins, Goose, undressed Sponge
Skins, Hare, undressed Squills, dried and not dried
Skins, Husse, undressed Stavesacre
Skins, Kangaroo, raw and undressed Staves, not exceeding seventy-two inches in length, not seven inches in breadth, nor three inches and a quarter in thickness
Skins, Kid, in the hair, undressed
Skins, Kolinski, undressed
Skins, Leopard, undressed Steel, unwrought
Skins, Lion, undressed Steel, Scraps
Skins, Lynx, undressed Straw or Grass for Platting
Skins, Marten Tails, undressed Sweet Wood
Sulphur Casts
Skins, Mink, undressed
Skins, Mole, undressed Talc
Skins, Musquash, undressed Tar
Skins, Nutria, undressed Tar Barbadoes
Skins, Otter, undressed Tarras
Skins, Ounce, undressed Tartarie Acid
Skins, Panther, undressed Teasles
Skins, Pelts, undressed, of Goats Teeth, Elephants'
Teeth, Sea-Cow, Sea-Horsc, or Sea Morse
Skins, Pelts, of all other sorts
Skins, Racoon, undressed Terra Japonica and Cutch
Skins, Sable, undressed Terra Sienna
Skins, Sable Tails or Tips, undressed Terra Verde
Terra Umbra
Skins, Squirrel or Calabar, Tails of, undressed Tin Ore, and Rcgulus of
Skins, Swan, undressed Tortoise Shell, or Turtle Shell, unmanufactured
Skins, Tiger, undressed
Skins, Weasel, undressed Tulip Wood
Skins, Wolf, undressed Turmeric
Skins, Wolverings, undressed Turpentine of Venice, Scio, or Cyprus
Skins, Furs, Pelts, and Tails, tanned, tawed, or dressed, viz.:—
Turpentine, unless above the value of 15s. per cwt.
Skins, Deer, — Indian, half dressed, tanned, tawed, or in any way dressed Valonia
Skins, Ermine, dressed Vases, antient, pot of stone or wood
Skins, Kid, dressed and dyed or coloured Vermilion
Skins, Lamb, tanned or tawed Ultramarine
Skins, Lamb, dyed or coloured
Dressed in Oil: Walnut Wood
Skin, Mink, dressed Water, Mineral
Skins, Pelts of all sorts, tanned, tawed, or in any way dressed Wax, Bees, in any degree bleached
Wax, Bees, unbleached
Skins, Deer, Indian, undressed or shaved Wax, Myrtle
Wax, Vegetable
Skins, Goat, tanned, tawed, or in any way dressed Weld
Whale Fins, of British taking, and imported direct from the Fisheries, or from any British Possession in a British ship
Skins, Lamb in the Wool
Skins, Sheep in the Wool
Skin, Sheep tanned or tawed, dressed in Oil
Skins, Squirrel or Calabar, tawed Woad
Wood, for Ship-Building, now admitted at the
Skins, Wolf, tawed
same Duty as Teake Wood Wool, Beaver, cut and combed
Wood, Birch, hewn, not exceeding three feet long, nor exceeding eight inches square, imported for the sole purpose of making Herring Barrels for the use of the Fisheries Wool, Coney
Wool, Hares
Wool, Cotton
Yarn Camel or Mohair
Yarn Raw Linen
Wood, Teake Zaffre
Wool, Beaver Zebra Wood
2. Resolved, That, from and after the dates specified against the articles undermentioned, the Duties of Customs now chargeable upon such articles imported into the United Kingdom, shall cease and determine, viz.:—
Seeds, from and after the 1st June, 1845, viz.:— Seeds, Lentiles
Seeds, Lettuce
Seeds, Acorn Seeds, Linseed and Flaxseed
Seeds, Anniseed Seeds, Lupine
Seeds, Burnet Seeds, Maw
Seeds, Colchicum Seeds, Millet
Seeds, Cummin Seeds, Parsley
Seeds, Fenugreek Seeds, Quince
Seeds, Forest Seeds, Shrub or Tree
Seeds, Garden, unenumerrated Seeds, Worm
Spermaceti 1 January 1849.
Sperm Oil of Foreign Pishing 1 January 1849.
Train Oil, or Blubber of Foreign Fishing 1 January 1847.
Whales' Fins of Foreign taking and not prohibited 1 January 1847.
3. Resolved, That in lieu of the Duties of Customs now chargeable on the articles under mentioned, imported into the United Kingdom, the following Duties shall be charged, viz.:—
Isinglass 5s. per cwt.
Oils, Chemical, Essential, or Perfumed 1s. per lb.
Pickles preserved in Vinegar 4d. per gallon
Pickles or Vegetables preserved in Salt 5l. for every 100l. value.
Refined Camphor 5s. per cwt.
Smalts 10s. per cwt.
Turpentine, above the value of 15s. per cwt. 2s. per cwt.
Verdigris 5s. per cwt.
Yarn Cable 3s. per cwt.