§ TREATY of Friendship and Alliance between his Britannic Majesty and his Catholic Majesty, Ferdinand the 7th. Signed at Madrid, the 5th day of July, 1814.
§ In the Name of the Most Holy Trinity.
§ His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his Catholic Majesty, being equally animated by a desire to strengthen and perpetuate the union and alliance which have been the principal means of re-establishing the balance of power in Europe, and of restoring peace to the world, have constituted and appointed, that is to say; his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the right honourable sir Henry Wellesley, one of his Majesty's most honourable Privy Council, Knight Companion of the most honourable Order of the Bath, and his Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to his Catholic Majesty; and his Catholic Majesty, Don Josef Miguel de Carbajal y Vargas, duke of San Carlos, count of Castillejo and of Puerto, Grandee of Spain of the First Class, Knight of the most illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Cross of the Royal and distinguished Order of Charles 3, Commander of Esparagoza de Lares in the Order of Alcantara, chief Major-domo of the King, and Gentleman of his Chamber, Lieutenant-general in the Royal army, Counsellor of State, and First Secretary of State and of general dispatch; who, after having exchanged their respective full powers, and finding them in good and due form, have agreed to and concluded the following articles:—
§ Art. 1.—There shall be in future a strict and intimate alliance between his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and his Catholic Majesty, their heirs and successors; and in consequence of this intimate union, the high contracting parties shall endeavour 227 to forward, by all possible means, their respective interests.
§ His Britannic Majesty and his Catholic Majesty declare, however, that in drawing closer the ties so happily subsisting between them, their object is by no means to injure any other state.
§ Art. 2—The present alliance shall in no way derogate from the treaties and alliances which the high contracting parties may have with other powers, it being understood that the said treaties are not contrary to the friendship and good understanding, which it is the object of the present treaty to cement and perpetuate.
§ Art. 3.—It having been agreed by the treaty signed at London on the 14th day of January, 1809, to proceed to the negociation of a treaty of commerce between Great Britain and Spain, as soon as it should be practicable so to do, and the two high contracting parties desiring mutually to protect and extend the commerce between their respective subjects, promise to proceed without delay to the formation of a definitive arrangement of commerce.
§ Art. 4.—In the event of the commerce of the Spanish American possessions being opened to foreign nations, his Catholic Majesty promises that Great Britain shall be admitted to trade with those possessions as the most favoured nation.
§ Art. 5.—The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within forty days, or sooner if possible.
§ In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed, in virtue of respective full powers, the present treaty of friendship and alliance, and have sealed it with the seals of our arms.
§ Done in Madrid, this 5th day of July, 1814. (L. S.) H. WELLESLEY.
§ Three Additional ARTICLES to the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between his Majesty and his Catholic Majesty Ferdinand the 7th, signed at Madrid, August 28, 1814.
§ Art. 1.—It is agreed that, pending the negociation of a new Treaty of Commerce, Great Britain shall be admitted to trade with Spain upon the same conditions as those which existed previously to the year 1796. All the Treaties of Commerce which at that period subsisted between the two nations being hereby ratified and confirmed.
§ Art. 2.—His Catholic Majesty concur- 228 ring in the fullest manner in the sentiments of his Britannic Majesty with respect to the injustice and inhumanity of the traffic in slaves, will take into consideration, with the deliberation which the state of his possessions in America demands, the means of acting in conformity with those sentiments. His Catholic Majesty promises, moreover, to prohibit his subjects from engaging in the Slave Trade, for the purpose of supplying any islands or possessions excepting those appertaining to Spain, and to prevent likewise, by effectual measures and regulations, the protection of the Spanish flag being given to foreigners who may engage in this traffic, whether subjects of his Britannic Majesty or of any other state or power.
§ Art. 3.—His Britannic Majesty being anxious that the troubles and disturbances which unfortunately prevail in the dominions of his Catholic Majesty in America should entirely cease, and the subjects of those provinces should return to their obedience to their lawful sovereign, engages to take the most effectual measures for preventing his subjects from furnishing arms, ammunition, or any other warlike article to the revolted in America.
§ The present additional Articles shall form an integral part of the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed on the 5th day of July, and shall have the same force, and validity as if they were inserted word for word, and shall be ratified within forty days, or sooner, if possible.
§ In witness whereof, we the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present additional Articles, and have sealed them with the seals of our arms.
§ Done at Madrid, this 28th day of August, 1814.
§ (L. S.) H. WELLESLEY.