§ 21. Mr. Andrew Mitchell
To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how many people are in receipt of social security benefits.
§ Mr. Peter Lloyd
There are a large number of different social security benefits serving different purposes and giving different sorts of help to different groups of people. The estimated average numbers receiving each of the various benefits in 1988–89 are:
1988–89 Thousands Retirement Pension 9,720 Widows' benefit 385 Unemployment benefit 620 Sickness benefit 110 Invalidity benefit 1,130 Industrial disablement benefit 210 Industrial death benefit 25 Maternity allowance 15 Non-contributory retirement pension 35 War pension 255 Attendance allowance 760 Invalid care allowance 100 Severe disablement allowance 265 Mobility allowance 530 Income Support 4,215 Child benefit—numbers of children1 12,030 Child benefit—number of families 6,755 One parent benefit 680 Family credit 285 Housing benefit2 rent rebate 3,100 rent allowance 925 rate rebate3 5,105 Notes: 1 Numbers of children in families receiving child benefit, including those also receiving one parent benefit. 2 Most households getting assistance with rent will also be in receipt of a rate rebate. 3 Includes estimates of people receiving community charge rebates in Scotland.
At any one time, people can receive more than one social security benefit and there are cases where people (eg parents) receive benefits for others (children). In 1987, the latest year for which an estimate is available, social security benefits made some contribution to the incomes or family incomes of some 38 million men, women and children—about 70 per cent of the population of Great Britain.
§ 26. Mr. Michael
To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security whether he will make it his policy to commence payment to anyone granted(a) housing benefit 40W or (b) any other form of social security benefit with effect from the date from which the need for that benefit can be shown to date.