§ Lord Hoyle
asked Her Majesty's Government:
Who appoints Lord Lieutenants and High Sheriffs; and what are their duties. [HL4525]
§ Baroness Ashton of Upholland
High Sheriffs in most of England and Wales are appointed by Her Majesty in Council. Their formal role is now largely ceremonial but they are also involved in the encouragement of charitable and community work in their respective counties. They receive no remuneration.14WA
Lord Lieutenants are appointed by the Queen, on the advice of the Prime Minister, following soundings in the county concerned.
The main duties of a Lord Lieutenant are: arranging visits of members of the Royal Family and escorting royal visitors; encouragement of voluntary and civic activity within the lieutenancy; presentation of medals and awards on behalf of Her Majesty; liaison with local units of the Armed Forces and their associated cadet forces; and, especially in the shire counties, leadership of the local magistracy as chairman of the advisory committee on justices of the peace, and carrying out the duties of Keeper of the Rolls.