§ Paul Goggins
The average annual cost of imprisoning an offender in a Young Offender Institution (YOI) is £29,721 in male closed Y01 establishments and £18,866 in male open YOI establishments. These figures include establishment costs but exclude the share of headquarters overheads. The number of YOIs has not remained constant over the five-year period. These figures are not comparable with the Prison Service cost per place Key Performance Indicators.
The following table shows the total cost of running young offender institutions in the last five years.248W
£ Male closed YOI Male open YOI Total 1998–99 122,460,000 9,410,000 131,870,000 1999–2000 137,066,308 9,653,734 146,720,042 2000–01 198,588,609 10,727,558 209,316,167 2001–02 162,536,448 11,475,992 174,012,440 2002–03 182,908,407 7,370,209 190,278,616
These year on year costs are not comparable due to a change in the accounting system from cash to resource. In addition the number of YOI establishments has decreased during this period, causing some fluctuation in the expenditure figures.
§ Mr. Oaten
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many hours on average offenders in young offender institutions spent on(a) education, broken down into (i) literacy, (ii) numeracy and (iii) other education-related activities, (b) exercise, (c) vocational work and (d) community work in the last year for which figures are available. 
§ Paul Goggins
The Prison Service collects information on the average hours prisoners spend on education activities broken down into various categories. The education statistics are not broken down into literacy and numeracy as requested. The information available for 2002–03 is given in the table. It relates to establishments categorised as a young offender institution as their main role.
Activity Average hours per week Average hours per inmate per week Basic skills education 17,035.4 2.68 Other education Education leading to accreditation 10,179.4 1.60 Maintaining safe and secure environment 299.3 0.05 Health education clinics and promotion 1,363.5 0.21 Other education 6,091.4 0.96 Exercise Physical education 18,922.1 2.98 Vocational work Skills training leading to recognised national accreditation 9,476.4 1.49 Community work Voluntary work 405.0 0.06 Total 63,772.4 10.04
Under the National Specification for learning and skills for young people serving a Detention and Training Order, juvenile offenders are expected to undertake one hour of private study per week in both literacy and numeracy, and a minimum of 12 hours of enrichment activities at the weekends.
§ Mrs. Curtis-Thomas
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) how many children in young offender institutions(a) had special educational needs, (b) had educational statements and (c) suffered psychosis in 2002–03; if he will express these figures as a percentage of the total number of children in each institution in the UK; and if he will list the institutions; 
(2) how many teachers, expressed as full-time equivalents, work in each young offender institution; and if he will express this as a percentage of the young offenders institution population; 249W
(3) how many of the teachers within each young offender institution have been specifically trained to teach children; how many are special educational needs teachers; and if he will express these figures as a percentage of the total number of children in each young offender institution. 
§ Paul Goggins
An analysis of "ASSET" assessment forms, published in December 2002, found that 25 per cent. of all young people in the youth justice system had been identified as having special educational needs and that 60 per cent. of these had formal statements.
Information about the number of children in young offender institutions diagnosed with psychosis in any particular year is not collected centrally. A survey of mental ill health in the prison population of England and Wales, undertaken in 1997 by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), indicated that 8 per cent. of young men aged 16 to 20 on remand and 10 per cent. of such sentenced young men had suffered from a functional psychosis in the previous year.
The table shows staff employed through the education contract in delivering or supporting education in establishments whose principal function is to hold Young Offenders. Data are from March 2003. Teaching staff include learning support assistants, and non-teaching staff include special educational needs co-ordinators.
Prisons Full-time lecturers Part-time lecturers Teaching Staff Non-teaching staff Population Aylesbury 12 1 — — 354 Stoke Heath 20 0 14 2 626 Lancaster Farms 14 3 16 6 460 Glen Parva 10 0 — — 784 Onley 18 0 18 1 541 Feltham 20 1 14 1 629 Castington 10 7 19 1 300 Portland 8 23 — — 446 Swinfen Hall 5 4 — — 314 Thorn Cross 13 0 18 4 176 Brinsford 34 0 16 1 449 Huntercombe 26 13 11 2 320 Reading 9 14 — — 265
On the basis of the information available, approximately 90 per cent. of teaching staff across the juvenile estate are qualified or are working towards a further education qualification. The Prison Service will be providing accredited training to learning support assistants later in the year to help them support learning in the juvenile estate. An inclusive learning handbook has been issued to help teachers, and other prison staff, identify and support prisoners with learning difficulties and/or disabilities.
The quality of teaching in custodial settings has improved through the introduction of the Common Inspection Framework. The new specification for teaching and learning we will introduce from September 2004 will also ensure quality control of teaching standards.