§ Mr. Kirkwood
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how much has been spent on the promotion of credit unions in(a) Scotland and (b) England and Wales by (i) central and (ii) local government since 1979. 
§ Ruth Kelly
This information is not readily available. However, research by Liverpool John Moores University in 1999 estimated that total public investment in credit unions in Britain could be in the range of £15–20 million per annum.