HC Deb 17 July 2002 vol 389 c404W
Mr. Stinchcombe

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what estimate he has made of the number of deaths related to misuse of(a) alcohol, (b) tobacco, (c) cannabis, (d) ecstasy, (e) amphetamines, (f) LSD, (g) heroin, (h) cocaine and (i) crack cocaine in the past 12 months. [67615]

Ms Blears

[holding answer 5 July 2002]I have been asked to reply.

The available information estimates that between 5,000 and 40,000 deaths per annum are caused by alcohol in England and Wales, reflecting the wide range of methods of calculation used in many studies.

It is estimated that smoking causes 120,000 deaths in the United Kingdom each year. Source: "The UK Smoking Epidemic: Deaths in 1995" Health Education Authority.

Figures published by the Office for National Statistics indicate the number of times cannabis, ecstasy, amphetamines, LSD, heroin, and cocaine are mentioned on death certificates. These figures are shown in the table. Separate figures are not available on crack cocaine.

Figures for these substances are not on a comparable basis to those given for alcohol and smoking related deaths which are estimates.

>Number of deaths where selected substances were mentioned on the death certificate—England and Wales 2000
All deaths with substance mentioned
Heroin/morphine1 926
Cocaine (including crack cocaine) 80
Amphetamines 59
Ecstasy 36
Cannabis 11
1As heroin breaks down in the body into morphine, the latter may be detected at post mortem and recorded on the death certificate


"Death related to drug poisoning: England and Wales 1993–2000" Health Statistics Quarterly 13, spring 2002, Office for National Statistics; ONS database of drug-related poisonings