§ Mr. Livingstone
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what co-operation there is between Britain and the United States of America on non-lethal warfare; how many collaboration agreements have been signed with the United States of America; what are the names of these agreements; when the agreements were signed and for what reasons; and if he will make a statement. 
§ Mr. Spellar
On 18 November 1994, the UK and US Defence Secretaries signed a UK-US Master Information Exchange Memorandum of Understanding on the subject of non-lethal weapons. The first information exchange, which covers "Non-lethal weapons systems", was signed on 2 February 1998.
International collaboration agreements help to inform our decisions on future strategies and equipment, as well as improving interoperability with our Allies and coalition partners.