§ Mrs. Dunwoody
To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions (1) if he will list for each of the train operating companies serving Greater London(a) the number of penalty fares issued and (b) the income generated by penalty fares since the companies began operating; 544W
(2) if he will list for each of the train operating companies serving Greater London the number of appeals against penalty fares and the proportion of these that were successful for each year since the companies began operating. 
§ Ms Glenda Jackson
This information is not held centrally. Information supplied by or on behalf of Train Operating Companies is set out in the table. This shows the number of penalty fares issued by the Train Operating Companies serving greater London, the number of appeals received and the proportion of these that were successful.
Company Penalty fares issued 1996–97 Appeals received Total appeals successful per cent. LTS Rail 9,330 745 57 Great Eastern Railway 43,717 5,083 53 Connex South Central 42,789 2.317 59 Connex South Eastern 100,031 11,203 63 Silverlink Train Services1 10,031 1,113 61 South West Trains 49,227 4,160 47 Thameslink 20,855 1,007 81 Thames Trains 23,979 1,967 65 Chiltern Railway 4,475 344 62 West Anglia and Great Northern 50,000 2,660 20 1 Denotes a company which no longer applies penalty fares.
Figures for income generated by penalty fares since the companies have been operating are unavailable. The primary purpose of penalty fares is not to generate income but to address the problem of ticketless travel. I understand that in 1990 the ticketless travel rate was four per cent. The implementation of penalty fares has, for most companies, driven down ticketless travel to 1.5 per cent. or less.