§ Mr. Illsley
To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will list the studies undertaken or commissioned by the Government into genetically modified foods listing the organisations involved. 
§ Mr. Rooker
A list of current and recently completed studies on genetically modified foods is given in the table.
Study Organisation Tagging genetically engineered organisms IFR, Norwich Laboratory Development of new methods for safety evaluation of transgenic crops BIBRA Toxicology International Honey from genetically modified plants: integrity of pollen DNA, and expression of promoters in floral organs Laboratory of the Government Chemist Genetically modified organisms in food-evaluation of in vitro and in vivo models for assessing DNA transfer in guts BIBRA Toxicology International Detection of genetically modified organisms in foods Laboratory of the Government Chemist A model system for the quantitative analysis of horizontal spread of DNA from genetically engineered microorganisms GIT IFR, Norwich Laboratory Potential for gene transfer between manipulated bacteria and the resident microflora of the human gut Rowett Research Institute A model system for the quantitative analysis of horizontal spread of DNA from genetically engineered microorganisms Surrey University Regulation and targeting of transgene expression in fruit crops HRI, East Mailing Causes of instability of transgenic plants John Innes Centre Safety of recombinant DNA technology: gene location, marker elimination and secondary effect IFR, Norwich Laboratory Compilation of a database of oil compositions from new varieties of oilseeds Leatherhead Food Research Association A database of novel foods and food products cleared in countries other than the UK AEA Technology, Consultancy Services Genes that have been introduced by genetic modification into crop plants intended for food use AEA Technology, Consultancy Services Persistence and potential infectivity of live bacteria in foods IFR, Norwich Laboratory
Study Organisation Development of a strategy to promote the public's understanding of biotechnology Sheffield University The effect of agriculturally-relevant environmental factors on the expression and stability of genes affecting wheat lipases University College Wales, Cardiff Survival of DNA in the gut and the potential for genetic transformation of resident bacteria Rowett Research Institute Evaluating the risks associated with using GMOs in human foods Newcastle University Impact of transformation methods, construct and gene cassette architecture on the stability and expression of transgenes John Innes Centre Assessment of the risks of transferring antibiotic resistance determinants from transgenic plant to micro-organisms Leeds University Dissemination of GM DNA and antibiotic resistance genes via rumen microorganisms Rowett Research Institute Risk of gene transfer from genetically modified crop plants to gut bacteria IFR, Norwich Laboratory Gene expression in anthers and nectaries of transgenic plants Leicester University The stability of expression and inheritance of transgenes in brassica John Innes Centre Risk assessment of genetically engineered avian probiotics Newcastle University Possibility of Agrobacterium as a vehicle for gene escape Mylnefield Research Services Ltd. Do protein sequences imply inter-species gene transfer? Manchester University The effect of background genotype on transgenes John Innes Centre Investigation of novel viruses created by growing viral coat protein transgenic sugar beet plants Central Science Laboratory/IACR, Brooms Barn Mobile genetic elements and lateral gene transfer events in crop species Manchester University