§ Mr. Malcolm Bruce
To ask the Secretary of Stare for Social Security what is his estimate of the annual cost to the Exchequer of raising the starting point for paying employee national insurance contributions to the weekly earnings equivalent of the annual sum of £3,765; and what is his estimate of the number of individuals who would cease to be liable to pay employee national insurance contributions if such a change were made. 
§ Mr. Bruce
To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what is his estimate of the additional revenue yield in a full year which would result from extending250W employers national insurance contributions to all fringe benefits currently liable to income tax only; and if he will make a statement. 
§ Mr. Bruce
To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what is his estimate of the revenue lost to the Exchequer in(a) 1990–91, (b) 1992–93, (c) 1995–96, (d) 1996–97 and (e) 1997–98 from the avoidance of employers national insurance contributions by companies who have paid annual bonuses in benefits in kind as opposed to cash; and if he will make a statement. 
§ Mr. Heald
The main benefits in kind provided by employers are cars and fuel and class IA contributions are charged on them.
Information regarding receipts from employer's class IA national insurance contributions—NICs—is in the table.
£ millions Year Employers1 class 1A NICs (including NHS contribution) 1990–91 1— 1992–93 470 1995–96 2469 1996–97 2476 1997–98 2491
1Class 1A came into operation from April 1991.
2 Figures are estimated.
Government Actuary's Department.
A number of other payments in kind have been brought into class I NICs—paid by employers and employees—including certain share payments, options, assets, gilts and certain life assurance policies. No separate figures are available for the yield from these sources.
§ Mr. Simon Hughes
To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what plans he has to change the law on the liability of employers to pay national insurance.