§ Mr. Thurnham
To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment what studies her Department has(a) commissioned and (b) evaluated of the net Exchequer costs of moving disabled persons off benefits and on to supported placement schemes; if she will list the (a) calculations and (b) conclusions contained in these studies; and if she will estimate the costs involved in respect of Remploy's employees. 
§ Mr. Paice
A 1989 study "The Net Exchequer Costs of Sheltered Employment" examined these issues. It is available in the Library. More recently, the Department has commissioned a study by the Welsh Centre for Learning Disabilities to look at the effectiveness of supported employment agencies, which among other things will revisit some of the issues of the earlier study. This study has not yet been completed, and we will consider its findings in due course.