§ 13. Mr. Cummings
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what are the anticipated trends in the numbers of 16 to 19-year-olds entering the employment market in the northern region of England over the next five years.
§ Mr. Lee
The population of 16 to 19-year-olds in the northern region of England is projected to fall by 41,000 or 22 per cent., between mid-1988 and mid-1993. My Department does not make projections of the numbers in this age group who will enter the employment market in the northern region, but it is clear that these numbers too must be expected to fall substantially as they will do in Great Britain as a whole.
§ 41. Mr. French
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement regarding the trend in unemployment in Gloucester over the past year.
Mr. Lee In May
1988 the number of unemployed claimants in the Gloucester travel-to-work-area was 4,276 or 6.2 per cent., of all employees in employment plus the unemployed compared with 5,638 or 8.2 per cent. in May 1987, a fall of 1,362 over the last 12 months.
§ 53. Mr. Nicholas Bennett
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what has been the reduction in unemployment levels in the United Kingdom since May 1985; and if he will make a statement.
§ 85. Mr. Tim Smith
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what is the percentage rate of unemployment in the United Kingdom; and what information he has about the corresponding figures for France, Italy and West Germany.
Region Number May 1988 Percentage rates May 1988 Change since May 1987 South East 528,500 5.7 -1.8 Greater London 300,900 7.0 -1.6 East Anglia 54,400 5.4 -1.9 South West 142,700 6.9 -1.8 West Midlands 243,200 9.4 -2.4 East Midlands 151,800 7.9 -1.7 Yorkshire and Humberside 237,900 10.1 -1.9 North West 336,100 11.3 -2.2 North 180,400 12.7 -2.2 Wales 132,200 11.2 -2.0 Scotland 291,300 11.9 -1.9 Northern Ireland 116,700 17.1 -1.4
§ 118. Mr. Simon Coombs
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the current levels of unemployment.
§ Mr. Lee
In May 1988 the level of seasonally adjusted adult unemployment in the United Kingdom was 2,415,500, the lowest level on a consistent basis since September 1981. The figure has now fallen for 22 consecutive months, by 794,800 in total since July 1986, the longest and largest sustained fall on record since the war.
§ Mr. Lee
The information is as follows:
Standardised unemployment rates1 April 1988, seasonally adjusted Per cent. United Kingdom 8.8 France 10.3 Italy 11.7 West Germany 26.5 1OECD standardised rates except Italy for which the latest harmonised rate published by the Statistical Office of the European Community has been given. 2 March, 1988 figure.
§ 107. Mr. Hayward
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the numbers of people employed in the south-west of England.
§ 114. Mr. Wigley
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the levels of unemployment in each of the United Kingdom regions.
§ Mr. Lee
The table shows for each of the standard regions in the United Kingdom, the seasonally adjusted level of unemployment excluding school leavers in May 1988 together with the percentage unemployment rates and the change over the last 12 months. The largest falls in the unemployment rates have been in the west midlands, north-west, north and Wales.
§ 138. Mr. Steinberg
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of young people left school and went directly into work at 16 years without training in 1987.
§ Mr. Cope
We do not have any direct information on this point. However, a postal survey of young people aged 16 and 17 was conducted in spring 1987 as part of the youth cohort study. Twenty-three per cent. of those who replied said they were in full-time employment, and of those 25 per cent. said they neither received on-the-job training, nor attended courses at college.
§ 141. Mr. Andrew Mitchell
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the level of unemployment in the east midlands.543W
§ Mr. Frank Field
To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will detail the annual average for each year since 1979 of(a) the number of unemployed and (b)the number and percentage of this total who have been out of work for more than 12 months.
§ Mr. Lee
Direct comparisons of unemployment by duration since 1979 are not possible because of changes in the coverage of the count. The following is the available information which is also in the Library. Table(a) shows the average number of unemployed registrants in the United Kingdom and the average number and percentage of these who had been unemployed for 12 months or more for each year from 1979 to 1982. Table (b) shows corresponding figures according to the average number of claimants, from 1983 to 1987.
Table A Average number of unemployed registrants in the United Kingdom Unemployed over 12 months Total unemployed Total Percentage of unemployed 1979 1,406,873 359,651 25.6 1980 1,738,250 368,651 21.2 1981 2,696,348 595,708 22.1 1982 3,167,161 1,059,665 33.5
Table B Average number of unemployed claimants in the United Kingdom Unemployed over 12 months Total unemployed Total Percentage of unemployed 1983 3,135,777 1,123,936 35.8 1984 3,158,256 1,229,378 38.9 1985 3,281,355 1,332,260 40.6 1986 3,312,383 1,354,252 40.9 1987 3,015,550 1,260,030 41.8
NoteFigures based on the average for January, April, July and October each year.