HC Deb 12 June 1986 vol 99 c277W
Mr. Pawsey

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he proposes any changes to his cash limits for 1986–87.

Mr. Kenneth Baker

Yes. Subject to parliamentary approval of the necessary Supplementary and Revised Estimates, the 1986–87 cash limit for class XII, vote 8, will be increased by £2 million from £313,529,000 to £315,529,000 and that for class XII, vote 3, will be reduced by £2 million from £1,564,274,000 to £1,562,274,000. There will therefore be no increase to the planned total of public expenditure. This transfer has been agreed in order to facilitate the purchase of advanced computers for research programmes in the higher and further education

Expenditure per pupil at 1983 values*
Year 1st level† 2nd level‡ 1st and 2nd level
France 1980 730 1,300 1,020
Japan 1982 870 1,120 980
USA 1981 n/a n/a 1,600¶
United Kingdom 1983 810 1,210 1,030
Germany, Federal Republic 1982 940 1,320 1,210
n/a Not available.
* No specific inflator for education expenditure is available. Hence, as a proxy, expenditure per pupil in foreign currencies were converted to pounds sterling at 1983 values by adjusting to 1983 levels via OECD consumer price indices and then applying OECD purchasing power parity factors. These allow for exchange rates and differences in the cost of living between countries. Public sector costs, including subsidies to private education, (covering costs such as teachers' salaries) have been divided by all pupils, unless otherwise stated.
† Equates broadly with primary (compulsory) education.
‡ Equates broadly with secondary school education and non-advanced further education.
║ Excludes public subsidies to private sector and pupils in private sector elementary, lower secondary and upper secondary schools.
¶ Includes capital expenditure, special and pre-compulsory school education, the latter being 84 per cent. part-time.
Rates based on full-time equivalent pupil/student numbers. Excludes private sector schools and colleges.
Excludes students in part-time vocational education, some 1.8 million, although their associated expenditure is included.

Sources: United Kingdom—Department of Education and Science

Other countries—UNESCO Statistical Yearbook 1985

—Statistical Abstract of Education, Science and Culture, 1983 edition—Japan

Basic and Structural Data, 1984/85—Federal Republic of Germany

—Employment Gazette