§ Mr. Gordon Brown
asked the Paymaster General what is the latest figure for the number of (a) part-time and14W
§ Mr. Lang
Information about job gains and job losses is not available from the Department's statistics, but an indication of the net changes can be seen by comparing levels of employment at different dates.
Within the regularly published employment series the estimates of male employees in employment do not separately identify those in full-time employment. Analyses of full and part-time female employees in employment are not available for the United Kingdom for the dates specified. The following table gives the available information for employees employed in Great Britain and the other areas specified:
Net changes between June 1979 and March 1986 in the numbers of employees in employment in the manufacturing industries Net change All employees Male and full-time female employeees South East -337,000 -294,000 East Anglia 27,000 -27,000 South West -75,000 -75,000 West Midlands -285,000 -258,000 East Midlands -110,000 -99,000 Yorkshire and Humberside -204,000 -187,000 North West -294,000 -272,000 North -126,000 -119,000 Wales -110,000 -107,000 Scotland -176,000 -168,000 Great Britain -1,744,000 -1,606,000
The Labour Force Survey provides information of a different basis and relating to employees resident in an area, but identifies part-time employees amongst male as well as female employees. The available estimates are presented in the following table:15W
Labour force survey estimates of changes in employees in manufacturing industries between the spring of 1979 and the spring of 1985 All employees Full-time employees* South East -558,000 -491,000 East Anglia -17,000 -15,000 South West -83,000 -73,000 West Midlands -350,000 -305,000 East Midlands -58,000 -53,000 Yorkshire and Humberside -234,000 -206,000 North West -274,000 -242,000 North -179,000 -167,000 Wales -62,000 -55,000 Scotland -182,000 -172,000 Northern Ireland -36,000 -32,000 United Kingdom -2,032,000 -1,811,000 * In this table an employee is shown as part-time if he considers his job to be a part-time job.
§ Mr. Gordon Brown
asked the Paymaster General if he will list the numbers employed in manufacturing industry in (a) June 1979, (b) June 1983 and (c) June 1986, or the most recent figure; and if he will provide the figures for each regional area.
§ Mr. Lang
The information is as follows:
Employees in Employment in the Manufacturing Industries June 1979 June 1983 March 19861 South East 1,878,000 1,583,000 1,541,000 East Anglia 207,000 173,000 180,000 South West 437,000 362,000 362,000 West Midlands 986,000 714,000 701,000 East Midlands 607,000 490,000 497,000 Yorkshire and Humberside 706,000 519,000 502,000 North West 967,000 706,000 673,000 North 409,000 298,000 283,000 Wales 314,000 212,000 204,000 Scotland 603,000 447,000 427,000 Great Britain 7,114,000 5,505,000 5,370,000 1 The latest date for which an estimate is available.
1981–82 1982–83 1983–84 1984–85 1985–86 Civil legal aid (certificates issued) 176,000 190,000 206,000 222,000 233,000 Assistance by way of Representation (bills paid) 57,000 61,000 64,000 67,000 61,000 Criminal legal aid (Magistrates courts) (bills paid) 296,000 323,000 332,000 334,000 371,000 Criminal legal aid (Higher courts) (bills paid) 193,000 193,000 215,000 230,000 233,000 Advice and Assistance (Green form bills paid) 649,000 733,000 832,000 953,000 1,039,000
All applicants for legal aid must demonstrate that they qualify on means grounds, the criteria for which vary slightly between the schemes. For those who qualify on means grounds, advice and assistance is available on any matter, relating to English law. Applicants for civil legal aid have to satisfy a merits test, which means, broadly speaking, that they must have reasonable grounds for taking or defending proceedings. Applicants for criminal legal aid must show that it is in the interest of justice that they should receive legal aid. No changes to these basic criteria are planned at present. However, the Government have recently received a report of the Efficiency Scrutiny of Legal Aid which recommends a number of alterations to these schemes, and this report is under consideration.