§ 37. Mr. Chapman
asked the Paymaster General what proportion of (a) employees in employment and (b) self-employed persons is directly and indirectly engaged in the tourist industry; and what has been the trend in the last five years.422W
§ Mr. David Trippier
Tourism is one of many activities which provide a stimulus to employment in a range of service industries such as hotels, catering, retailing, recreation, arts, leisure, and so on. It is therefore not possible to identify employment supported by tourism from regularly produced estimates of employment for these industries. An estimate derived from information on tourism expenditure by foreign visitors and Britons suggests that out of 23 million in employment in Great Britain in 1983 about 1 million were supported directly or indirectly by tourist spending.
The following table presents the latest estimates of employees employed in those industries which are considered to be most clearly related to tourism: these include employees who are not engaged in tourism, and exclude employees in other industries who are supporting tourism, but less directly.
Employees in employment in selected industries Great Britain June 1985 Industry (SIC 1980) Percentage of all employees Restaurants, snack bars, cafes and other eating places (AH 6611 & AH 6612) 0.9 Public houses and bars (AH 6620) 1.2 Night clubs and licensed clubs (AH 6630) 0.7 Hotel trade (AH 6650) 1.3 Other tourist or short-stay accommodation (AH 6670) 0.3 Libraries, museums, art galleries etc. (AH 9770) 0.3 Sport and other recreational services (AH 9791) 1.3
Source: Employment Gazette
The proportion working in these industries has risen from a total of 5.3 per cent. of all employees in 1980 to 6 per cent. in 1985: this trend follows from an increase of around 65,000 employees in tourism related industries and an overall decline in other industries.
Estimates of self employment are not regularly available in detail of these industries. The available figures are as follows:
Self employment in selected industries Great Britain June 1981 Industry (SIC 1980) Percentage of all Self-employed Restaurants, snack bars, cafes and other eating places (AH 6611 & AH 6612) 2.3 Public houses and bars (AH 6620) 2.4 Night clubs and licensed clubs (AH 6630) 0.1 Hotel trade (AH 6650) 1.5 Other tourist or short-stay accommodation (AH 6670) 0.2 Libraries, museums, art galleries etc. (AH 9770) — Sport and other recreational services (AH 9791) 0.8
Source: Census of Population 1981.