§ Mr. Grylls
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science how much his Department spent on research and development in the year 1980–81; and how much it intends to spend in 1981–82.
§ Mr. Mark Carlisle
The Department spent approximately £350 million in 1980–81 and expects to spend about £400 million in 1981–82 on research, mainly through grants to research councils. In addition, universities spent and are expected to spend similar amounts on research from within the grants provided.