§ Mr. J. Johnson
asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies what financial measures he is taking to enable Africans in Tanganyika to play an increasing part in the trade, commerce and industry of that Colony.
§ Mr. Lennox-Boyd
The principal measure taken by Her Majesty's Government is the provision of colonial development and welfare funds. These have helped the Tanganyika Government to expand general and technical education of Africans, and to develop the economy of the territory and African participation in it.
In particular the number of African co-operatives has been almost doubled since 1950. There are now 236 societies with an annual turnover exceeding £8 million. Apart from marketing raw produce they now own plant for processing coffee, maize and rice. There is also a revolving loan fund of £100,000 for encouraging African industrial and commercial projects.
The Makonde Water Scheme and the participation of Africans in the Colonial Development Corporation's Wattle Scheme at Njombe are interesting examples of new forms of African enterprise which the Tanganyika Government are actively encouraging.