HC Deb 18 March 1931 vol 249 cc2047-8W

asked the President of the Board of Trade what were the total exports of manufactured goods from the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the United States, and Canada in 1880, 1913, and 1930 (or the latest year for which

Country. Value of domestic exports. Increase in 1930 compared with—
1880. 1913. 1930. 1880. 1913.
Million £ Million £ Million £ Per cent. Per cent.
United Kingdom (a) 197.4 417.2 430.0 117.8 3.1
France 73.6 167.3 217.1 194.9 29.7
Germany 82.1 328.0 422.4 414.5 28.8
United States 25.4 246.9 495.5 1,852 100.7
Canada (b) 0.6 9.5 85.6 (c) 901
(a) These figures relate throughout to the external trade of the British Isles as a whole. In order to preserve comparability with the years 1880 and 1913, the value of the trade between Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State which has been partially estimated has been eliminated.
(b) The figures for Canada relate to the years ended the 30th June, 1880, and the 31st March, 1914 and 1930, respectively.
(c) This figure would have no significance.

1. The range of articles included as "wholly or partly manufactured" varies according to the classification adopted in the trade returns of the respective countries. Figures based throughout on a uniform classification are not available The classes of goods included are described in the trade returns of the respective countries (except Canada) as follow:
United Kingdom "Articles wholly or mainly manufactured" together with manufactured tobacco.
France "Objets fabriqués."
Germany "Fabrikate"—old classification (1880 and 1913); "Fertige Waren"—later classification (1930).
United States "Manufactures ready for consumption" and "Manufactures for further use in manufacturing."
In the case of Canada, the trade statistics as published have been re-classified so as to be approximately comparable with the classification used in the figures shown above for the United Kingdom. Manufactured foodstuffs are excluded throughout.
2. The values have been converted into sterling at the par rates of exchange.
3. The figures for the United Kingdom in respect of 1880 do not include the value of new ships and boats exported, particulars of which were not recorded in that year. The value of new ships and boats exported from the United Kingdom in 1913 was £11.0 million.
4. In the case of Germany, the figures for 1880 exclude, while those for 1913 and 1930 include, the value of ships exported and also the value of the "Improvement Trade" for Home Account. The figures for 1930 represent a classification of goods differing, in certain respects, from those covered in 1880 and 1913. The value of deliveries on account of Reparations has been included in 1930.
5. In the case of France and Germany, the territories covered by the statistics for 1930 differ from those to which the figures for 1880 and 1913 relate.
6. The figures for 1930 are provisional throughout.

returns are complete), respectively; and what were the percentage increases for the latest completed year compared to 1880 and 1913 in each case, the total of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State being added together for the purposes of comparison in the latest completed year.


The following table shows, for the countries specified in the question, the values of the domestic exports of goods classed as wholly or partly manufactured during the years 1880, 1913 and 1930, together with the percentage increase in 1930 compared with 1880 and 1913, respectively.