HC Deb 06 July 1915 vol 73 cc201-2W

asked the President of the Board of Trade if he will state the total tonnage and value of charcoal iron imported from Sweden in each of the four last years and the total for that period; whether, having regard to the abundance of British ore, the necessity for this expenditure is due to any cause but the failure to use a pure charcoal fuel instead of coal or coke; whether he is aware that in converting a ton of peat densified by the Zohrab process into 8 cwt. of charcoal a much larger amount of sulphate of ammonia is obtained than from a ton of coal, and also a much larger amount of gas for lighting, heating, or power purposes; whether he is aware that the plant required for this is less expensive than that for coal, and that both densified peat and peat charcoal are smokeless; and, having regard to the needless outlay for charcoal iron and to the value of a substitute for coal as a precaution against strikes, whether the Board will give attention to the development of peat bogs and the utilisation of bog products?


Practically the whole output of iron in Sweden consists of charcoal iron. The following statements show the quantity and value of (a) pig iron; (b) wrought iron bars, angles, rods and sections; and (c) steel in ingots, blooms, billets and slabs, imported into the United Kingdom from Sweden in each of the years 1911–14:—

Tons. £
1911 75,246 381,881
1912 115,093 591,379
1913 108,405 579,956
1914 105,670 581,176
Total 1911–14 404,414 £2,134,392
(b) WROUGHT IRON in bars, angles, rods and sections.
Tons. £
1911 39,902 342,963
1912 49,191 420,080
1913 52,188 445,908
1914 42,016 368,377
Total 1911–14 183,297 £1,577,328
(c) STEEL in ingots, blooms, billets and slabs.
Tons. £
1911 22,991 192,295
1912 22,540 188,770
1913 27,206 232,034
1914 19,493 185,071
Total 1911–14 92,230 £798,170