HC Deb 07 November 1911 vol 30 c1622W

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he will state what provisions there were in the treaty with Sweden negotiated by Oliver Cromwell in 1654 inconsistent with the modern conditions of international law and the rights and obligations of Sweden and Great Britain, respectively, which, in his judgment, made it inevitable that the question of the revision of our treaty system should come up; and whether our present relations with Sweden are governed not by this treaty of 1654 but by renewals coming up to modern times.


The treaty of 1654 with Sweden, in common with various others, is binding on the oversea dominions, who have not the right of separate withdrawal from it which they enjoy under the commercial treaties recently concluded. It is solely in order to remedy this defect that the revision of this treaty and of the similar treaties referred to is desired. The treaty of 1654 is still in force so far as its provisions are not in conflict with later treaties. It was renewed by the treaty of 18th July, 1812. Our commercial relations with Sweden are also governed by the treaty of 5th February, 1766, the declaration of 24th April, 1824, the treaty of 18th March, 1826, and the declaration of 13th October, 1883?

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